Abkhazians (original name-Apsua) are ancient, indigenous population of the region, who lived here from III century BC.
In VI. BC large Hellenic fortresses Dioskuriada, Gienos, Pitiunt, which had close economic ties with Greece were founded here.
Abkhazia adopted Christianity in IV. BC. The most important center of Christianity was town of Pitiunt. Abkhazia was a part of almost all existing empires. The Abkhazian Kingdom was formed in VIII century. The statehood of Abkhazia is over 1200 years.
"Apsuara" is the whole principle of Abkaz people civilization. “Apsuara” is the historical form of the manifestation of national identity and self-assertion of the Abkhazians. It is an unwritten code of the traditional knowledge and values, which seized ideas and principles of local people.
Tales and legends of Abkhaz people express ancient ideas of world creation and the role of Gods. The Abkhazian Nart saga tells the life and exploits of hundred brothers` heroes- Narts and their mother Satanei-Guacha.
The Abkhazians as state forming ethnicity - are living on the territiry of modern Abkhazia for over 2500 years. The vast majority of Abkhazians are Christians, Muslims live together with them peacefully. A small part of the population preaches traditional Abkhaz religion. There is also Catholics. There are more than 25 nationalities coexist peacefully in Abkhazia.
The state language is Abkhazian. Russian is the language of state and other agencies and widely used or intercultural communication.
"Piece of heaven on earth" - so we call our country, which is situated on a unique place - in the subtropical zone, between the Great Caucasus Range and warm Black Sea.
The nature of Abkhazia is magnificent and diverse. Harmonious combination of the sea views, mountain cliffs, waterfalls, rivers, clear lakes, alpine meadows and relict forests, picturesque gorges, mysterious caves make the beauty of Abkhazia.
A stretch of only fifty kilometers wide between the shoreline and the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range encompasses all existing climactic zones, from rainforest to perennial snow and glaciers.
Nearly all of Abkhazia's territory is covered by tall mountain ranges. Greater Caucasus mountain range on Abkhazia's northwestern border, near the source of Auadhara River, rises 2500 meters above sea level, while on Abkhazia's eastern border, the altitude of the mountain ranges reaches 3500-4000 meters. The highest point in Abkhazia is Mount Dombai-Ulgen, reaching 4048 meters above sea level. Other impressive mountains in Abkhazia are Gvandra (3984 m), Ertsog (3909 m), Psysh (3790 m), Ptysh (3465 m), Agepsta (3256 m), and Khimsa (3032 m).
Abkhazia's part of the Black Sea coast is famous for its wide pebble and sand beaches and pure sea water. The coastline starches for 210 km. The composition of sea water is rich and diverse, containing approximately 60 various mineral salts, although the Black Sea water is half salty than Mediterranean. The Black Sea is home of approximately 250 species of seaweed, 180 species of fish, more than 200 species of crustaceans, several species of jellyfish, shrimps, crabs, and three dolphin species, a list that doesn't begin to sum up all of its animal and plant life.
There are approximately 120 rivers, 186 mountain lakes, and 170 mineral springs in Abkhazia. Despite its small size, all of the Abkhazia’s rivers, from source to mouth, together with their basins, are completely contained within the country. Exception is only two border rivers.
Rivers’ water is unusually bright and clear, what gives it spectacular beauty.
Snows melt partially, filling Abkhazia's river beds with many streams of the purest water.
The main electric energy producer in the country is The Ingur Hydroelectric Power Station which supplies all Abkhazia.